Structural Engineers

Why do you need Structural Engineers ?

Structural engineering is a field of engineering dealing with the analysis and design of structures that support or resist loads. Structural engineering is usually considered a specialty within civil engineering, but it can also be studied in its own right.

structural engineer calculations
Structural engineers are responsible for engineering design and analysis. Entry-level structural engineers may design the individual structural elements of a structure, for example the beams, columns, and floors of a building. More experienced engineers would be responsible for the structural design and integrity of an entire system, such as a building.

Structural engineering has existed since humans first started to construct their own structures. It became a more defined and formalised profession with the emergence of the architecture profession as distinct from the engineering profession during the industrial revolution in the late 19th century. Until then, the architect and the structural engineer were usually one and the same – the master builder. Only with the development of specialised knowledge of structural theories that emerged during the 19th and early 20th centuries did the professional structural engineer come into existence.

The role of a structural engineer today involves a significant understanding of both static and dynamic loading, and the structures that are available to resist them. The complexity of modern structures often requires a great deal of creativity from the engineer in order to ensure the structures support and resist the loads they are subjected to. A structural engineer will typically have a four or five year undergraduate degree, followed by a minimum of three years of professional practice before being considered fully qualified.

Do you need an Architect or a Structural Engineer?

London’s top 10 most expensive boroughs

Houses in London’s top 10 most expensive boroughs are worth as much as the entire property markets in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland combined, research has revealed.

The total value of the UK’s housing stock has risen slightly to £5trillion over the past year, but housing wealth is becoming increasingly concentrated in London and the South East, according to international real estate adviser Savills.

In their annual Valuing Britain analysis, Savills found the capital’s homes are now worth an aggregate £1.12trillion, accounting for 22.5 per cent of the UK’s housing value.

The ten London boroughs highlighted in the report are Westminster, Kensington & Chelsea, Wandsworth, Barnet, Camden, Richmond, Ealing, Bromley, Hammersmith & Fulham and Lambeth.

london

Together, they have an aggregate value equivalent to the total value of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland combined at just over £550billion.

Even within London, wealth is increasingly focused in core central and high value boroughs.
Northern ireland has been the worst affected part of the UK since the crisis with the value of stock falling 50 per cent. Pictured here is terraced house in Bushmills, County Antrim

Northern ireland has been the worst affected part of the UK since the crisis with the value of stock falling 50 per cent. Pictured here is terraced house in Bushmills, County Antrim

The richest borough – the City of Westminster – has just 121,600 units, with a total value of £95billion, more than twice the value of Edinburgh and almost three times that of Bristol

Blocked manhole and drains

The property owners are responsible for drains up to the point where pipework meets public sewers.
http://robuild.co.uk/plumbers/index.php/blocked-drains-and-manhole/
blocked manhole

Signs of drain blockages include:

Difficulties when flushing the loo.
Water draining away slowly from sinks.
Unpleasant smells and water collecting on surfaces such as a patio from overflowing drains, gulleys and manholes.
In serious cases of leaking drains, you might see evidence of subsidence including cracks in brickwork, windowsills, driveways, or sunken steps.

What’s Causing The Problem?

A straightforward blockage is likely but underlying causes could be general deterioration of pipes and joints due to age.

In Victorian houses, the salt-glazed clayware drains are over 100 years old and cracks or porous joints can occur, while cast iron pipes can corrode.

In 1960s properties, pitch fibre pipes were used, and these can gradually deteriorate, deflating from their original circular shape, blistering or collapsing.

Then there are badly built drains with poorly designed manholes or a poor fall from the pipes.
Broken, collapsed, deformed or cracked pipes can be due to movement in the ground, or pipes can fracture due to a heavy vehicle driving over the ground above.
And tree roots can grow into the drains through pipe joints, cracked pipes or manhole walls.

drains

Tradesman in London

London Tradesman

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Experimental concrete that patches up cracks by itself


The concrete contains limestone-producing bacteria, which are activated by corrosive rainwater working its way into the structure.

The new material could potentially increase the service life of the concrete – with considerable cost savings as a result.

The work is taking place at Delft Technical University, the Netherlands.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-20121303